Jajarkot District a part of Bheri Zone, is one of the seventy-five districts of Nepal, a landlocked country of South Asia. The district, with Jajarkot as its district headquarters, covers an area of 2,230 km and had a population of 134,868 in 2001 and 171,304 in 2011.

Jajarkot is one of the district of Bheri Zone in Mid-western Region of Nepal. Khalanga is its headquarters (capital). It has 30 village development committee (VDCs) and each VDC in turn has Nine Wards which are the smallest geographical units. Population: 1,34,868 (CBS 2001), Expected population: 1,51,511 (2009). Area: 2123.83(km2)

Now, Cholera outbreak occurred in Jajrkot and death tolled already more than 150 and more than 20,000 people are affected. Due to the Geographical difficulty and inaccessibility to this district, containing Cholera outbreak is becoming difficult. The lack of planning for the outbreak investigation, coordination at regional and district level, lack of management knowledge are the main factors for spreading outbreak from government side, whereas lack of awareness, open field defecation, eating stale food and drinking unsafe water are leading factors from the public part. A team from Nepal Health Research council (Dr. Gajananda Prakash Bhandari, Epidemiologist; Dr. Sameer Dixit, Biotechnologist) headed towards the affected Jajarkot and stayed there and visited interiors of the district, collected data and stool samples. They found that the cause of previously undiagnosed diarrheal disease was Cholera which is caused by "Vibrio Cholerae". Total number of samples collected = 25 Total number of samples positive for Vibrio Cholerae = 13